How to Knit Socks with Two Straight Needles for Beginners

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Knitting socks with two straight needles for beginners involves casting on stitches, knitting flat in sections, then seaming the sections together to form a sock shape. This is a great technique for beginners who want to try knitting socks without using a circular needle. Make sure to keep track of your stitches and try the sock on as you go to ensure it fits properly. Once you’ve completed both socks, you can enjoy your new cozy footwear.

Knitting socks with two straight needles can seem intimidating to a beginner, but it doesn’t have to be! With some basic supplies and a few simple steps, you can create a cozy pair of knitted socks in no time.

In this article, we’ll walk through how to:

  • Cast on stitches
  • Knit flat in sections
  • Shape the heel and toe
  • Seam the sections together to form a sock shape

So grab your yarn and needles – let’s get started!

Gather Your Supplies

If you’re ready to get started on your sock-knitting journey, the first step is to gather all the supplies you’ll need.

First and foremost, grab your yarn. Choose a wool or wool blend for warmth and stretch. Check the weight of the yarn to determine the needle size you’ll need.

Next, get a pair of straight knitting needles, marked in millimeter measurements. Metal or bamboo both work well.

Don’t forget to have scissors and tapestry needles on hand for trimming and weaving in ends.

Now that you’re all set with your supplies, let’s move on to casting on stitches!

Cast On Stitches

To start the sock-making process, it’s essential to ‘cast on’ stitches for a secure foundation. Before you begin, know your knit gauge and yarn weight. Here are some supplies to keep in mind when casting on:

  • Yarn
  • Needles
  • Stitch markers
  • Darning needle or crochet hook

When you have all of these items gathered, it’s time to cast on.

Casting on involves creating loops of yarn onto the needles that will later be knitted into your sock. To do this, hold the needle with the cast-on stitches in your left hand and use the other needle held in your right hand to wrap around each loop and pull it through. Keep repeating this process until you have as many stitches as desired for your pattern size.

This can take some practice, but with patience and practice it becomes easier the more you do it!

Now that you’ve casted on enough stitches, move onto knitting flat in sections—the next step in forming a sock shape.

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Knit Flat in Sections

Once the requisite number of stitches are cast on, it’s time to move onto knitting in sections to create the desired sock shape. When selecting yarn for a project like this, one should think carefully about which type will best suit their needs. Wool is an excellent choice as it is warm and resilient, while cotton or bamboo yarns can be used if you desire a lighter fabric.

Using your straight needles, begin by knitting in rows until you reach the desired length of your foot. It is important to remember that when knitting socks, the gauge must be exact so that the final product won’t be too tight or too loose on your foot. The table below offers some helpful advice regarding needle size and sock circumference:

Needle Size Sock Circumference
US 0-2 (2-2.75mm) 6-7 inches (15-17 cm)
US 3-5 (3.25-3.75mm) 7-8 inches (18-20 cm)
US 6–9 (4–5.5 mm) 8–9 inches (20–23 cm)
US 10–13 (6–9 mm) 9–10 inches (23–25 cm)

When doing each row of knitting, ensure that you do not pull the stitches too tightly as this can cause lumps and bumps in the finished sock surface which will make them uncomfortable to wear. Additionally, try to maintain an even tension throughout each row by keeping your stitching consistent with its own tension level rather than adjusting it depending on where you are in a given row/stitch pattern; this will help keep your work looking neat and professional when completed!

Once your flat section has reached its desired length for your foot size, it’s time to start shaping the heel so that it fits properly around your ankle without slipping off when worn. As we transition into shaping our heel stitch pattern there are several techniques we can use such as short rows or picking up stitches from previous rows; both methods require careful attention and practice but once mastered they provide a secure fit for any knitted sock design!

Shape the Heel

Shaping the heel is one of the most important steps for creating a comfortable sock, and it’s estimated that up to 80% of knitted socks will require some sort of shaping technique.

There are several knitting heel variations that can be used when forming a sock; however, the turning heel technique is often preferred as it creates a sturdy yet flexible heel.

To begin this process, you’ll need to determine how many stitches to pick up on each side of your work before continuing with shaping. This number will vary depending on the size of your sock and desired shape.

Once you have determined how many stitches to pick up, you will then work short rows which involve knitting certain stitches while leaving others unworked in order to form an angled shape.

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As you continue working short rows over time, the fabric will start taking on a curved shape that resembles a shallow cup or wedge.

From there, it’s just a matter of decreasing more until your desired number has been reached and your heel is complete!

At this point, you’ll want to transfer any remaining live stitches onto two needles so they can be held in place until ready for seaming later on down the line.

Gently tugging or pinning out the finished piece may help give it an even curvature so don’t be afraid to experiment with different techniques here as well!

After shaping your heel correctly and transferring all live stitches onto two needles, you are now ready to move onto shaping the toe – another important step for completing your handmade socks!

Shape the Toe

Now that you’ve shaped the heel, it’s time to craft the toe for your sock – a crucial step for any knitter! To do this, you’ll be using short row shaping and grafting stitches.

Begin by knitting in stockinette stitch until there are about 8-12 stitches left on the needle before the heel. Turn your work so that you can knit back in the other direction. Then, continue working with a new set of needles if needed to make sure your work is not too tight.

You’ll need to keep decreasing two stitches at each end of every row until you have just four or five stitches left on each side.

Once this is done, you can use kitchener or grafting stitch to join both ends together and finish off the toe section of your sock. This involves using a tapestry needle threaded with yarn to insert it into one side of the fabric and then into the other side; creating an invisible seam that looks almost like knitting itself.

Make sure to pull tight as you go through each stitch so that everything stays secured together once finished.

After completing this step, take some time to compare your sock shape with what it should look like at this point and make any necessary adjustments before moving onto joining both sections together.

It may feel confusing at first as there are many techniques involved with knitting socks but practice makes perfect! As long as you focus on understanding how all these steps fit together gradually over time, soon enough you’ll be able to create amazing socks from start to finish without having any difficulty along the way.

Now that your toes have been shaped correctly, it’s time move onto joining both sections together in order form a sock shape – an exciting next step in creating beautiful handmade socks!

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Seam the Sections Together to Form a Sock Shape

You’ve come a long way in your knitting journey, and now you’re ready to join the two sections of fabric together to make a sock shape – a rewarding step that will really show off all your hard work!

To begin, you’ll need the following items:

  1. A tapestry needle, preferably one with an eye large enough for yarn or thread
  2. Scissors
  3. Your finished sock pieces, which should be knit flat using intarsia techniques
  4. The yarn or thread used to knit the sock pieces

Now that you have all your supplies gathered, it’s time to get started seaming the sections together.

Start by laying out both pieces on a flat surface with the wrong sides facing up (the side without any visible stitches). Take one piece and fold it so that its right side is facing outward, then use your tapestry needle and yarn or thread to whip stitch around each edge. When you reach the end of one edge, turn the corner and continue stitching until you’ve reached the other end of your first section.

Repeat this process for the second piece as well. Once both edges are attached securely and evenly, lay out both pieces again so that their right sides are facing up.

Using your tapestry needle and yarn or thread once more, seam along each ankle opening until they meet at midpoint of where heel begins – this will form a tube shape resembling an actual sock!

With some patience and practice, soon enough you’ll have created a unique custom-made design that fits perfectly with no gaps between seams!


You’ve done it! You have successfully knitted a pair of socks with two straight needles. Congratulations on your accomplishment!

Now, you can take pride in knowing that you crafted something from the tips of your own fingers. The journey to making these socks may have been long and challenging, but the end result is worth it.

This experience is much like life itself: sometimes we face difficult tasks or circumstances, yet when we persevere and focus on our goals, tremendous success awaits us at the finish line. Keep this allegory in mind as you continue on your knitting journey, and never forget the joy that comes with mastering a skill like knitting.

Katherine Pearce
Katherine Pearce
Katherine Pearce is a knitting enthusiast and the founder of With a deep passion for the craft, Katherine aims to make knitting accessible to everyone, regardless of their skill level. Through, she provides online tutorials and resources to help others discover the joys of knitting and develop their skills.

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